Taiwan CDC and NHRI co-hosted the international conference “Lessons Learned: 20th Anniversary of Enterovirus A71 Epidemic of 1998 in Taiwan.”

  • Resource: Taiwan CDC
  • Release date: 10/9/2018 11:56:40 AM

This year marks the 20th anniversary of the enterovirus A71 epidemic inTaiwan. Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) and theNational Health Research Institutes (NHRI) co-hosted “Lessons Learned:20th Anniversary of Enterovirus A71 Epidemic of 1998 in Taiwan” atChang Yung-Fa Foundation International Convention Center in Taipei fromSeptember 28th to 29th. The conference congregated world- renownedexperts in the fields of enterovirus, laboratory technology, vaccineresearch and development, and public health to share experiences withmedical professionals, researchers, and government officials fromTaiwan. The event invited experts from 7 nations, including Cambodia,Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, the U.S., and Vietnam; theattendance was approximately 300 participants.

The first epidemic of enterovirus A71 in Taiwan occurred in 1998,causing 78 deaths in children and social panic, and severely affectedTaiwan’s disease prevention and medical system. In recent years, Taiwanhas put much effort into the elimination of health risks caused byenterovirus. Taiwan is also advancing the research and development ofenterovirus-related topics through collaboration among the medicalinstitutions,public health professionals,the public,and schools At thesame time, more than 100 papers have been published in internationallyrenowned journals and have drawn attention from researchers worldwide.On top of that, three Taiwanese experts were invited to participate inthe consultation meeting of the World Health Organization's WesternPacific Region Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment ofEnterovirus Control in 2010.

The conference on enterovirus held in Taipei presented fruitfulresearch findings; participating experts shared valuable experiencesregarding the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of enterovirusinfections. The conference undoubtedly contributed to strengthening theglobal capacity of combating public health threats, establishing aninternational network of cooperation, and expanding Taiwan's globalpresence.

According to statistics compiled by Taiwan CDC, the EV-A71 epidemicoccurred in 1998 led to 405 cases of enterovirus infections with severecomplications and 78 deaths; the mortality rate was 19.3%. The mostrecent EV-A71 epidemic happened in 2012, resulting in 153 severe cases,of which 2 died. In 2016, there were 33 severe enterovirus cases,including 1 death; the mortality rate was 13%. The number ofenterovirus cases and the mortality rate of EVA71 have significantlyreduced due to the close collaboration among the government, medicalprofessionals, and researchers, who for many years have been tirelesslycarrying out epidemic surveillance, laboratory diagnosis, communityprevention, clinical care and vaccine development.

EV-A71 remains a threat to Taiwan, Southeast Asian countries and China.In addition, the large-scale enterovirus D68 outbreak that took thelives of many in the United States in 2014 once again showed that thethreat of enterovirus is a global issue that cannot be ignored.

For more information, please visit Taiwan CDC’s website athttps://www.cdc.gov.tw or call the toll-free Communicable DiseaseReporting and Consultation Hotline, 1922 (or 0800-001922).

Last modified at 2018-10-08
Data from Public Relation Office