Travelers visiting areas affected by malaria urged to visit outpatient travel clinic before traveling and take precautions against mosquito bites during the travel

  • Resource: Taiwan CDC
  • Release date: 10/12/2018 3:02:09 PM

Malaria is caused by bites from anopheles mosquitoes, which areinfected with the malaria protozoan. Protozoa of Plasmodium Vivax andPlasmodium ovale can remain dormant in liver for months or even years.Most infected individuals develop symptoms 7 to 30 days afterinfection. Early symptoms are similar to those of influenza. The mainsymptom is high fever. Other symptoms include headache, musclesoreness, joint pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. If the patient isnot treated appropriately, symptoms of intermittent or periodic coldshivering (chills and shivering), high fever and sweating may occur. Inmore severe cases, malaria infection may lead to splenomegaly,jaundice, shock, liver and kidney failure, pulmonary edema, acute braindiseases and coma.

Taiwan CDC once again urges people traveling to areas affected bymalaria to visit the outpatient travel clinic at contracted hospitalsin the nation at least one month prior to their departure to assess therisk of infection, take the malaria prophylaxis according to thedoctor’s orders. Throughout the trip, travelers are advised to takeprecautions against mosquito bites such as wearing light-coloredclothing, long sleeves and long pants, applying officially approvedmosquito repellent to exposed parts of the body to lower the risk ofinfection, and staying at accommodations installed with window screens,screen doors or air conditioners. Taiwan CDC emphasizes if suspectedsymptoms develop after returning to Taiwan, please proactively contactthe quarantine officer at the fever screening station at the airport,seek immediate medical attention, and inform the doctor of any recenttravel history and any malaria medicine taken to facilitate promptdiagnosis and treatment. For more information, please visit TaiwanCDC’s website at https://www.cdc.gov.tw or call the toll-freeCommunicable Disease Reporting and Consultation Hotline, 1922 (or0800-001922).