強烈冷氣團來襲易發病 三高慢病患者服藥勿中斷 The Health Promotion Administration warns to take caution in winter weather

根據中央氣象局氣象預報資料顯示,週日強烈大陸冷氣團南下,北部及東北部天氣明顯轉冷,晚起其他地區亦轉冷;17日、18日受強烈大陸冷氣團影響,各地天氣寒冷,低溫更下探10度。國民健康署王英偉署長提醒長者、三高及心血管疾病患者,春季氣候濕冷且天氣變化大,要注意適時增減衣服,特別在冷氣團來襲時要添加衣物注意保暖,外出要戴上帽子、口罩、手套等,務必做好保暖措施,以嚴防因低溫及溫差過大促發心血管疾病之發生。

慢病患者天冷習慣需注意 民眾應防範肺炎影響

    每當天氣一變冷,心血管疾病就診病人就會增加,提醒三高及心血管疾病患者,規律用藥及監測血壓是不能間斷,才能有效控制病情及減少天冷造成的影響;對於有心臟病史的民眾,要隨身攜帶病歷卡與緊急用藥以備不時之需。如果出現胸悶、胸痛、手臂疼痛、呼吸困難、噁心、極度疲倦、頭暈等心臟病徵兆,或是更年期女性可能出現氣喘、背痛等非典型症狀,很有可能就是心臟病急性發作,應該儘速就醫。另要注意中風症狀,記住FAST口訣:臉部(Face)表情不對稱、雙手(Arm)力氣不一樣、或講話(Speech)變得不清楚,有任一症狀,記下時間點(Time)並快快就醫,爭取黃金搶救期。

此外,一般民眾也要注意保暖以避免感冒,減少進出醫院頻率。面對嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎(武漢肺炎)疫情期間,應避免出入人潮擁擠、空氣不流通之場所,落實肥皂勤洗手、避免觸摸眼鼻口,及做好咳嗽禮節,加強防護措施,減少感染風險。


According to the Central Weather Bureau, due to the effects of continental cold air mass, temperatures across Taiwan will be colder this weekend, with lows in Northern Taiwan to dip down to 10 degrees Celsius. The Health Promotion Administration (HPA) reminds people to pay attention to the health hazards caused by low temperature, especially those with high risks of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, stroke or angina pectoris, etc. Against the colder temperatures, ensure that you wear warm clothing to avoid contraction of blood vessels, as blood pressure will increase when temperatures shift quickly, which would increase the risks of heart attacks and acute strokes.

To alleviate the effects of cold weather and the sharp temperature differences between day and night, HPA reminds that the elderly population, people with cardiovascular disease, and those with the so-called three "highs" — high blood pressure, lipids and sugar— to take their medication regularly, make follow-up visits back to clinics, and maintain a healthy diet. Also, people are advised to regularly measure and record their blood pressure levels as well.

Cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes could be fatal, but seeking medical assistance early could lower the risks of death and disability. If someone shows any of these symptoms, please call 119 or emergency medical services immediately.

  1. Heart disease symptoms: Cardiovascular disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain, difficulty breathing and dizziness; women are more likely to have other symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as nausea, hand numbness, backaches and difficulty breathing.
  2. During a stroke, every minute counts! Fast treatment can lessen the brain damage caused by stroke. Use the FAST test to check for the most common symptoms of a stroke in yourself or someone else.

Face: Smile and see if one side of the face droops.

Arms: Raise both arms. Does one arm drop down?

Speech: Say a short phrase and check for slurred or strange speech.

Time: If the answer to any of these is yes, call 119 right away and write down the time when symptoms started.

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